The accompanying measuring network also includes tools capable of measuring selected meteorological variables in a vertical profile above the city. These instruments include a passive microwave radiometer (for measuring the temperature profile), a Doppler aerosol lidar (for measuring wind profiles and aerosol layers) and a mobile telescopic meteorological mast designed for measuring temperature, relative humidity, atmospheric air pressure and wind speed and direction in the field.
As part of the TURBAN project, an accompanying measurement campaign is planned in selected parts of Prague, which will serve to verify and improve software tools for microscale modelling of meteorology and air quality in the city (i.e. modelling in space of units of meters).
The TURBAN project studies urban air quality and thermal comfort using street-scale turbulence-resolving models. The main focus of the project in 2021 was on building and calibration of a sensor observation network in Prague centre, preparation and improvement of the model and supporting tools, design of the model validation and sensitivity experiments, including domain selection and model configuration, and gathering and processing input data. To harmonise the design of our research and experiments with the main users of the results, the plans were consulted with the Municipalities of the involved cities and their districts. Despite of the limitations caused by Covid-19 pandemic, most of the planned activities were realized according to the plan.
The project was presented (in czech) at a consultation meeting of researchers of selected research projects in the field of adaptation of the capital city of Prague on the premises of the Prague Innovation Centre. The participants were informed about the project's scope and main objectives, the work to be carried out in the coming months and the range of scenarios envisaged.
In October 2021, the monitoring visit of the TURBAN project took place at the Institute of Informatics CAS. The visit was attended by TA CR consultants Dominika Paclíková and Zuzana Dostálová, the Principal Investigator of the project Jaroslav Resler and his team members, and representatives of the Czech partners. The current status of the project implementation, the schedule of the planned activities, and the distribution of these activities among the project partners were presented.
Afterwards, the detailed description of all particular activities in the project and the planned activities for next period was presented:
Following project activities focused on Data fusion and Comparison of LES and Gaussian models will be implemented according to the plan from the year 2022. The monitoring visit was carried out in good condition and was positively evaluated.
The TURBAN project (Turbulent-resolving urban modeling of air quality and thermal comfort) was designed within the first public invitation for a Program for the support of applied research, experimental development and innovation, KAPPA.
This program focuses on extending knowledge in applied research through international co-operation with partners from the Czech Republic and Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein. In the Czech Republic the project is administered by the Technology Agency Czech Republic. First public invitation took place between Jan 2019 and Feb 2020. The TURBAN project was accepted and realization officially began on Jan 1, 2021.
TURBAN is a 3-year project focused on the issue of turbulent atmospheric flow in urban regions and development of advanced tools for the assessment of thermal comfort and air quality in cities. Results of the project can then be used to devise measured to reduce thermal stress and air pollution in cities.
Main solver of the project is the Institute of Computer Science of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Norway is represented by Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre in Bergen. Co-solvers are organizations focused on meteorological modelling and air quality assessment – the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Department of Atmospheric Physics at the Charles University and ATEM - Studio of Ecological Models. Applied part, related to outputs for the purposes of city authorities and city planning, coordinated by the Prague City, Institute for planning and development in Prague, Bergen commune (Bergen city administration), Port of Bergen and urban documentation planners.